8.4.21
|
Anneli Xie

Expert Input on the Elements of Entrepreneurship Ecosystems: A Chat with Dr. Jasna Pocek

At xPlot, we believe in the collective power of the entrepreneurship ecosystem. But what is an entrepreneurship ecosystem, really? We ask researcher and scholar Dr. Jasna Pocek to explain and elaborate.

With a background in the United Nations International Labour Organization – the ILO Dr. Jasna Pocek is a skilled analyst with years of experience assisting states, business, and workers in building sustainable labor markets through institutional reform processes. Now a postdoctoral fellow at Sten K. Johnson Center for Entrepreneurship at Lund University, Pocek brings her previous knowledge and skills into her current research, making her an expert in the interplay, interconnectivity, and influence of labor markets. At the Sten K. Johson Center for Entrepreneurship, she focuses her efforts on entrepreneurial ecosystems and the role formal and informal institutions play in these. At xPlot, we are thrilled to take part of her expertise and to share it with you.

In this interview, Dr. Jasna Pocek takes us through the intricacies of the entrepreneurship ecosystem while disentangling the overpowering praise for the single entrepreneur, their great idea, and the buzz of entrepreneurship havens like Silicon Valley. Let’s dive into it!

Dr. Jasna Pocek, Postdoctoral Fellow at Sten K. Johnson Center for Entrepreneurship.
Photo: Jasna Pocek/Private.


What brought you to research entrepreneurship ecosystems?
Studying entrepreneurship can really be seen as an extension of the work I was doing at the ILO. Labor markets everywhere are also about understanding context – and they’re often more intricate and complex than people think. The same idea applies to entrepreneurship, which intersects and relates to the labor market in more than one instance. I think we often fall into a neoliberal conception that entrepreneurship is a venture stemming from the idea of a single person, but it is important to understand that successful ventures often thrive thanks to the joint effort of several different individuals and economic actors.

Entrepreneurship happens in many different places and situations; and in different ways depending on context. Context is really interesting because it impacts the behavior and interactions of entrepreneurs and their surrounding. To understand how the ecosystem of entrepreneurship works, we need to investigate the culture, laws and regulation – the so-called institutions – in order to understand how these components influence how entrepreneurial ventures will behave.

Why do we still have this neoliberal conception of the singular great person that often gets recognized out-of-context?
Unfortunately, there’s this myth that individualism and entrepreneurship go hand-in-hand and we often forget that entrepreneurship is really also a collective effort. Entrepreneurs need help and resources from several different actors that are collaborating rather than competing. This includes fostering environments in which human capital and support for smaller ventures can thrive. All of this is part of the entrepreneurship ecosystem; and the more interconnected the actors in this ecosystem are, the better the ecosystem is, meaning an environment for innovation and entrepreneurial growth can truly flourish.

Lund poses as a great example here. Because of the university, Lund has very valuable human capital which everyone in the Lund entrepreneurship ecosystem can make use of. Similarly, there is also a very supporting environment here – entrepreneurship is encouraged through the university, but also through incubators like Ideon and Minc. Many places don’t have that, so it’s really something to take pride in and make use of.

Is there any way we can uplift and bring awareness to entrepreneurship as an interconnected constellation?
Interconnection is one of the most important aspects for the ecosystem, i.e. where entrepreneurship is happening. Again, Lund is doing a great job here. Lund University puts a lot of effort into investigating the entrepreneurial ecosystem in Lund; to understand the dynamics, the challenges, what can be improved, and so forth. Through research, we can really shed light on the current limitations of different entrepreneurship ecosystems and thus understand how we can make them better.

We also need to make sure to adopt a systemic view of entrepreneurship, meaning we investigate the role that different actors play in shaping the entrepreneurship ecosystem as a whole.

Can you elaborate a bit more on this systemic view?
There is quite a lot of recent research that has been conducted on entrepreneurship; as researchers, we build upon tried-and-tested models to study and understand the ecosystems. There are many valuable studies of entrepreneurship ecosystems with interesting models. The most frequently used – and often applied in policy as well – was introduced by Daniel Isenberg, professor at Babson College, in 2011. Isenberg developed a model with the six pillars of entrepreneurship ecosystems: policy, finance, culture, support, human capital, and markets. An entrepreneurship ecosystem can be analyzed through the lenses of one of these six pillars, as well as in their interaction with each other.  

Τομείς επιχειρηματικότητας Επιχειρηματικό Περιβάλλον Επιχειρηματική  Διαδικασία Δεληγιάννη Ιωάννα. - ppt κατέβασμα
Daniel Isenberg's six pillars of the entrepreneurial ecosystem.



What do these pillars look like in concrete terms? 

For example, the support pillar in an ecosystem may consist of business incubators, which are very important in the entrepreneurial process. However, incubators alone are not able to provide the full support needed by entrepreneurs; they also need the remaining five pillars to thrive (policy, finance, culture, human capital, and access to markets). As such, incubators may collaborate with different organizations, such as public-private partnerships, investors, universities, and technology transfer offices, to ensure quick dispersion of resources to those who need it, i.e. the entrepreneurs. In this way, the six pillars of an ecosystem are highly interconnected and collaborative. 

And this collaborative effort really taints the whole world of entrepreneurship, right?
Yes. When it comes down to it, entrepreneurship really is a social activity, meaning that we need to be part of networks. It is through networks that we acquire resources, knowledge, access to the market, and connect with people; all of which are part of the social activities that are at the core of entrepreneurship. It is very important that we build these networks on high levels of trust in order to unlock their full potential, meaning they will ultimately lead to a better use and dispersion of resources within the ecosystem.

What about different sectors of industry? Does the entrepreneurial ecosystem apply to them equally?
Ideally, yes, but in Lund currently, there is definitely an emphasis on technology and life sciences. For those sectors, the entrepreneurial ecosystem is really great. For others, maybe not as much – at least not now. The creative and cultural industries (CCI) are a really interesting example; because they are very context-dependent, they are a very vulnerable sector. The CCI thrive in their contextual surroundings because they provide inspiration and feedback; if there are poor dynamics surrounding what they want to do, it can be very difficult for them to emerge. 

We see this on a policy-level too, where the CCI are often under-emphasized because they often bring more indirect economic value than big industrial players, such as the tech industry. But it’s still economic value, right – but policy makers tend to forget about this. We need to make sure that the CCI are supported on this high-level of policy through organization and representation. creARTive, that xPlot is a part of, is a great example of this. By organizing all the cultural incubators in Sweden, creARTive can represent and negotiate with policy-makers to make the entrepreneurial ecosystems better for creative entrepreneurs.

What role can xPlot play in bettering the conditions for the CCI? How can we form a supporting culture for innovation to thrive?
We need to promote an environment in which the fear of risk is low and in which failure is not a tragedy. We need to promote an environment of flexibility, sharing, and proactiveness. These are things that contribute to forming a supportive environment for entrepreneurship and innovation; and it is exactly what Lars Mattiasson and Katarina Scott are doing.

I met Lars and Katarina when they were out doing The Creative Tour, and I remember admiring how proactive they were and how willing they were to experiment. They knew how to connect people with resources and acted as great intermediaries throughout the process. I just thought it was so great. I think we really need more support for the CCI; and xPlot has every opportunity to provide resources to make the networks stronger and the ecosystem better.


---------------------

We are so thrilled to have spoken to Dr. Jasna Pocek and to have received this valuable information on entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial ecosystems. Like Pocek, we at xPlot are strong proponents of the entrepreneurial ecosystem and believe a collective effort is the way to drive sustainable growth and innovation forward, regardless of sector. Read more about xPlot’s role in the entrepreneurship ecosystem here.

Read more about Dr. Jasna Pocek and her research here.

31.8.21
|
Anneli Xie

Calling all Creative Entrepreneurs:Join the GovTech Challenge!

Open call for creative entrepreneurs, startups and smaller IT companies. Pitch your most innovative idea for a digital match-making platform in this collaborative GovTech PubSec challenge from Creative Business Network and the City of Copenhagen.

Read more
30.8.21
|
Anneli Xie

Nature, craftsmanship, and sustainability in focus at UFA 2021

The finalists of the 2021 Unicorn Fashion Awards offer glimpses into the future of fashion. With designers spread across the globe, craftsmanship, innovation, and nature keep them united.

Read more
12.8.21
|
Jonathan Wintoft

#RRCrossingBorders - Elin Beckman

What drives Elin Beckman forward is the enormous pleasure of playing music and making a dance floor happen “DJ:ing for Crossing Borders was such a pleasure and honor and I really loved the initiative."

Read more
9.8.21
|
Anneli Xie

#RRCrossingBorders: New Ways of Play – Innovating with Phlay

An interactive media technology that changes how we act, think, and feel about branded content, Phlay engages audiences in an innovative way. During this week’s episode of Recap & Rewind, we revisit Mario Amura – Phlay’s Founder’s – presentation.

Read more
5.8.21
|
Anneli Xie

A Green Revolution with Plastic-Digesting Larvae – This is Norbite

The life of a plastic bag is glorious by no means. Used for an average of 12 minutes, the plastic may take up to 1000 years to decompose. But factor in 100 wax moth larvae and a plastic bag is digested in 24h. Too good to be true? Nope. Meet Norbite.

Read more
3.8.21
|
Anneli Xie

Daring, Adventurous, Radical, and Eccentric: Welcome to UFA 2021

Hosted by DARE Clan and ERA-KI, the Unicorn Fashion Awards seeks to find and promote emerging fashion designers to an international platform through a 4-12 month long accelerator program. Let's dive deeper into the UFA process.

Read more
29.7.21
|
Anneli Xie

#RRCrossingBorders: A Psychological Approach to Creativity

Getting out of a creative rut can be overwhelming. How can psychology help us harness our brain's energy? In this episode of Recap and Rewind – a look back at our annual event, Crossing Borders – we let psychologist Pär Säthil tell us the answer.

Read more
26.7.21
|
Anneli Xie

DARE Stories: New psychology for a daring artistic life with Pär Säthil

How can psychology help foster creativity? How do we kick-start our creative processes? In this week's DARE Story, Pär Säthil – writer, psychologist, and former musician – tells us all about the intersection of psychology, creativity, and bravery.

Read more
22.7.21
|
Anneli Xie

This is TAI and SafariSeat – the Swedish start-up ranking no.3 in the world

During #BRIGHT21, 80+ countries competed in the Creative Business Cup to be crowned the best creative entrepreneurs in the world. TAI/SafariSeat – representing Sweden – claimed the bronze, ranking them the third best start-up in the world!

Read more
20.7.21
|
Anneli Xie

#RRCrossingBorders – New Ways of Storytelling with Natural Pengu

During this episode of Recap and Rewind – a look back at our annual event, Crossing Borders – we catch up with Markku Lorentz of Natural Pengu to talk storytelling, heroes, Dungeons & Dragons, and the power of the internet.

Read more
19.7.21
|
Anneli Xie

DARE Stories: Changing Lives, Changing Culture – Kamal Aubakirov and 360 Mentors

In this episode of DARE Stories, Kamal Aubakirov tells the story of 360 Mentors: an educational organization changing the lives of youth in Kazakhstan by helping them prepare for college.

Read more
15.7.21
|
Anneli Xie

#RRCrossingBorders – What is FemTech? And why should we care, anyway?

On this episode of Recap & Rewind: FemTech and its importance in the modern entrepreneurship ecosystem. How do we render a new social reality of services, products, and design to support women’s health? And what really is FemTech, anyway?

Read more
12.7.21
|
Anneli Xie

DARE Stories: Raul Romero and Yakera

Welcome to DARE Stories – a new series hosted by xPlot in collaboration with creators all over the world. Here, we let creative entrepreneurs tell their story – of daring, of innovating, and building their own. First out: Raul Romero and his Yakera.

Read more
5.7.21
|
Anneli Xie

#RRCrossingBorders: Social Infrastructure and the Importance of Third Places

Welcome to Recap and Rewind – a look back at our annual event, Crossing Borders. First out is a discussion on urban design and the importance of creating third places – all through a lens of community, creativity, and CultureHouse.

Read more
30.6.21
|
Anneli Xie

#BRIGHT21: SafariSeat in the Global Finals of the CBC!

SafariSeat, the winners of Creative Business Cup Sweden 2020, are one of the top six creative start-ups in the WORLD! Today, June 30th, they're making their final pitch in the Global Finals of the Creative Business Cup, held virtually at #BRIGHT21.

Read more
28.6.21
|
Anneli Xie

#BRIGHT21: Footprint Level®, Smart Fashion – and much more!

#BRIGHT21 is a three-day virtual event running from 28 June – 30 June that will change your perspective on entrepreneurship and creativity. Join us to talk fashion and see Footprint Level® – winner of Creative Business Cup Sweden – take on the world!

Read more
25.6.21
|
Jonathan Wintoft

Onwards and Upwards: the xPlot Journey Continues

The Crossing Borders event showed us the endless possibilities stemming from the Cultural and Creative Industries. This summer, we’re picking up on loose ends and tying it all together.

Read more
21.6.21
|
Anneli Xie

The future is BRIGHT – and so is Smart Fashion

In a week – on June 28th to 30th, 2021 – Creative Business Network is hosting their annual conference, #BRIGHT21. Of course, xPlot is joining in on the fun! On June 30th, tune in to hear our thoughts on the future of the fashion industry.

Read more
10.6.21
|
Anneli Xie

Crossing Borders, Taking Risks: All We Learned About Hybrid Events

On the 19th of May, we did something we’d never done before – we hosted a full-blown, international, hybrid event. Thank you to all who came! We had a blast and we hope you did too. Here’s what we learned.

Read more
30.5.21
|
Anneli Xie

Building Climate Resilience Through Communication with Footprint Level®

How do we build a climate resilient future amidst our ongoing climate catastrophe? We talk to Footprint Level® – the winner of Creative Business Cup Sweden 2021 – to see how their company contributes to the greater good of our climate, world, and us.

Read more
20.5.21
|
Anneli Xie

...and the winner is: Footprint Level!

After an intense and enthralling final of the 2021 Swedish Creative Business Cup, Footprint Level – under the lead of Mats Huss – emerged as the winner!

Read more
18.5.21
|
Anneli Xie

...and finally, meet the finalists!

TONIGHT, during our annual get-together, we present the winner of Creative Business Cup Sweden! Curious to hear more? Meet this year’s jury and our impressive top two finalists!

Read more
18.5.21
|
Anneli Xie

Meet the Speakers: Markku Lorentz and Pengu Studios

What kind of hero would you like to become? In Natural Pengu, Markku Lorentz explores the concept of cooperative storytelling of real-life, albeit virtual, humans, crossing the borders between life online and life offline. But how? Let's see..

Read more
15.5.21
|
Anneli Xie

Meet the Speakers: Haruna Katayama, FemTech Analyst

How do we render a new social reality of sex? Why is it important? Meet Haruna Katayama, FemTech Analyst, on her journey to democratize sexual pleasure and to normalize women’s sexual health.

Read more
14.5.21
|
Anneli Xie

Meet the Speakers: DARE CLAN and Riccardo Aimerito

DARE means courage, bravery, and risk. To Riccardo Aimerito, DARE is also an acronym for DYNAMIC, ADVENTUROUS, RADICAL, ECCENTRIC. How do we revolutionize the Cultural and Creative Industries through these four principles? Time to meet the Dare Clan.

Read more
12.5.21
|
Jonathan Wintoft

Meet our DJ: Elin Beckman

Crossing borders and breaking the glass ceiling; on May 19th, we bring you Elin Beckman, DJ Extraordinaire! Read more about Elin Beckman; and most importantly – get ready to get grooving.

Read more
12.5.21
|
Anneli Xie

Meet the Speakers: Mario Amura and Phlay

Internationally acclaimed cinematographer and photographer Mario Amura is crossing borders in many ways. Most recently, by delving into the world of rhythmic-visual performativity and human-computer interaction. Let’s take a look!

Read more
3.5.21
|
Anneli Xie

Meet the Speakers: Pär Säthil – The Brave Creative

Creativity and psychology might benefit more from each other than we think. On May 19th, xPlot welcomes Pär Säthil, psychologist, writer, and former musician, to speak about how psychology has the power to unlock creative action.

Read more
30.4.21
|
Anneli Xie

Meet the Speakers: gener8tor and its Motown Musician Accelerator

On the Swedish CBC Finals on the 19th of May, xPlot welcomes Chelsea Linder from gener8tor and Suai Kee from gener8tor’s Motown Musician Accelerator, to speak about the creative economy and the music industry in the United States and globally. 

Read more
23.4.21
|
Jonathan Wintoft

Calling all creative entrepreneurs: Join the Creative Business Academy!

The winner of Creative Business Cup Sweden does not only get to represent Sweden at the Global CBC Finals in June, but also snatches a spot in an exclusive training program for creative entrepreneurs: the Creative Business Academy!

Read more
22.4.21
|
Anneli Xie

Meet the Speakers: Aaron Greiner – Founder and Director of CultureHouse

On the Swedish CBC Finals on the 19th of May, xPlot welcomes Aaron Greiner, founder and director of CultureHouse, to speak about the importance of social infrastructure and how free pop-up community spaces can make a lasting impact.

Read more
19.4.21
|
Anneli Xie

A mask start-up shows its face: Mymic wins the Swiss Creative Business Cup!

The Creative Business Cup is currently in full bloom, sprouting new and exciting innovations from all over the world. As part of an international network of 80+ countries, xPlot helped pick the winner in Switzerland last week. Let's check them out!

Read more
12.4.21
|
Anneli Xie

5 Reasons to Apply to the Creative Business Cup!

Time to put your thoughts into action – here’s five reasons YOU should apply to the Creative Business Cup!

Read more
20.3.21
|
Anneli Xie

The StoryTourist Story: From the Creative Business Cup to a Successful International Enterprise

In 2019, Johanna Forsman and Andreas Jansson of StoryTourist won the Swedish Creative Business Cup. At the Global CBC, they championed their category. We talk with Forsman to talk CBC, StoryTourist, and the importance of cultural entrepreneurship.

Read more
16.3.21
|
Anneli Xie

10 years, 10 webinars: Happy birthday, Klump!

Start the week fresh with inspiration – enjoy daily visits to Klump cultural incubator to learn and discuss cultural entrepreneurship with knowledgeable guests and passionate speakers. The webinars are informal, informative, and completely free!

Read more
10.3.21
|
Anneli Xie

Applications to the 2021 Creative Business Cup are now OPEN!

Dreaming of growing your creative endeavors? Thinking about starting your own business? Ready for the opportunity of a lifetime? Join the annual Creative Business Cup and turn your thoughts into action! We are here to guide you along the way.

Read more
5.3.21
|
Anneli Xie

Social Learning Enhances Entrepreneurial Education

How can entrepreneurial education benefit from social learning; and what really is social learning? In an academic study of one of xPlot's previous ventures – Barcamper – we may find the answers to our questions.

Read more
23.2.21
|
Anneli Xie

Welcome to the creARTive Sessions!

On March 4th, 2021, The creARTive Sessions begin! Aiming to promote and facilitate the exchange of knowledge and experience amongst entrepreneurs within the Cultural and Creative Sector, this is a digital series you do not want to miss.

Read more
8.2.21
|
Anneli Xie

xPlot & creARTive are joining Folk & Kultur 2021!

Reset and recharge; let’s have some fun! On February 10–12, 2021, you can join xPlot at the fourth annual – and first digital – Folk och Kultur! 250 activities packed into three days of fun and festivities; and best of all, it’s completely free!

Read more
18.1.21
|
Katarina Scott

69 different fundings you can apply for during 2021!

Do you need to finance a project in 2021? Navigating the Creative & Cultural industries for funding just got a bit easier.

Read more
8.1.21
|
Anneli Xie

From Barcamper to TIME Magazine: Kirill Noskov on Growing IAMRUNBOX

Even during a tumultuous year of COVID lock-downs and economic uncertainty, Kirill Noskov – founder and CEO of the backpack company IAMRUNBOX – has achieved momentous success.

Read more
24.11.20
|
Lars Mattiasson

Join our innovative educational program - Creative Business Academy

xPlot and Creative Business Network launch an international educational program for the Creative Industries.

Read more
5.10.20
|
Hossein Lavi

Lunds kommun och Lundasupport bjuder in till webinar!

Välkommen att delta vid ett interaktivt event om finansiering och ekonomi i det nya normala. Oavsett om du driver en startup eller ett etablerat företag så hjälper vi dig att reda ut begreppen och se möjligheterna.

Read more
28.2.20
|
Lars Mattiasson

What can entrepreneurs learn from athletes about sustainable development?

In order to create the companies of the future, entrepreneurs need to learn about personal sustainability. For this reason, we’ve invited four top athletes to join the Swedish final of the Creative Business Cup.

Read more
21.1.20
|
Elinor Valfridsson

5 reasons why you should apply for Creative Business Cup 2020

Gather your thoughts and sharpen your pens, because the applications for CBC (Creative Business Cup) are open!

Read more
9.1.20
|
Lars Mattiasson

Apply to the Creative Business Cup!

We can help you take your business idea to the world together with investors, business coaches and a massive international network!

Read more
3.12.19
|
Elinor Valfridsson

What is Creative Business Network and what’s xPlot got to do with it?

To support the entrepreneurs in our network, we’ve, therefore, joined forces with Creative Business Network, a global organization whose main focus is to support startups in the creative industry.

Read more
30.10.19
|
Hossein Lavi

Be Here Then - an xPlot story is borne.

Ever wondered how the old train station looked like or how the main city square was used 200 years ago? In October, one of our startups who made it to xPlot's national finals during 2018 launched their time machine app in the city of Lund in Sweden.

Read more
30.9.19
|
Nida Aslam

Nida from Pakistan collaborates with xPlot in opening a new Creative Business Network in Pakistan.

I have always believed that good design and creativity can help solve the most complex problems in the world.

Read more
10.9.19
|
Lars Mattiasson

The Brewhouse Award 2019.

Compete for SEK 20,000, business coaching, marketing, mentoring and other profits that will bring you to fruition.

Read more
5.9.19
|
Lars Mattiasson

Incubators for culture & creative industries join forces in a national organization.

Sweden's incubators for culture and creative industries gathered at Brewhouse's cultural factory to form a new association for incubators within the culture and creative sector.

Read more
19.6.19
|
Lars Mattiasson

Creative Business Cup Global Finals in Copenhagen July 1-2.

Creative Business Cup National Competitions are organized in more than 70 countries, sending winners annually to the Global Finals in Copenhagen. ​

Read more
5.6.19
|
Lars Mattiasson

Winner of Creative Business Cup Sweden sharpens her pitch before the Global Finals in Copenhagen.

Johanna Forsman, co-founder of Story Tourist takes part in the Baltic-Nordic Bootcamp June 4-5 in Helsinki.

Read more
10.5.19
|
Hossein Lavi

And the winner is…Story Tourist!

We are happy to announce the winner of Creative Business Cup Sweden. Next step for Story Tourist is the global finals in Copenhagen the 1-2 of July.

Read more
2.5.19
|
Lars Mattiasson

From a film festival to a multimedia opportunity valley.

The story about a small Italian village that became a leading film and multimedia hub. On the 8th of May, you will hear the full story from Luca Tesauro, CEO of Giffoni Innovation Hub

Read more
29.4.19
|
Hossein Lavi

Meet our exciting finalists!

Fierce competition and strong inflow of applications made it really hard for the jury to evaluate and choose the finalists for the 8th of May in Lund.

Read more
25.4.19
|
Hossein Lavi

Many thanks to all the startups who applied to Creative Business Cup Sweden 2019.

Next, the finals 8th of May at Mejeriet in Lund.

Read more
27.3.19
|
Hossein Lavi

Do you want to speed up your access into an international market?

Apply today to the Creative Business Cup Sweden and check if your idea has the potential to succeed globally.

Read more
15.3.19
|
Lars Mattiasson

Here we are, with *great news* for you!

On the 4th of April in Stockholm, the Sweden Demo Day will take place!

Read more